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Adaptation, also known as adjustment, refers to the set of skills that enable living organisms to successfully live, sustain their generations, and develop in a particular environment or a new area shortly after experiencing a change in their surroundings.

From the perspective of climate change, adaptation is used to describe the measures taken and the resilience demonstrated by living ecosystems and functioning systems against the effects caused by climate change.


Agility is a way of working and a behavior aimed at leveraging the inevitability of change instead of resisting it. It encompasses abilities such as being highly adaptable to changes in the environment, making quick decisions or changing direction, and completing tasks with high efficiency.

Agile individuals and organizations have rapid learning and decision-making cycles; they add speed and adaptability to stability. These structures create a competitive advantage through their performance in uncertain conditions.


Anthropocene Also known as the Age of Humans, it refers to the period extending from the beginning of the Industrial Revolution to the present day, during which increasing human activities have left irreversible impacts on the Earth.


B Corp

A global certification network that assesses companies not only on their financial performance but also on their environmental and social performance, expecting them to transparently demonstrate the value they create for all stakeholders they are involved with.

Biological Capacity

It is defined as the balance in which a particular region can tolerate natural resource production, waste generation resulting from activities in that region, and greenhouse gas emissions in a way that supports the continuity of living organisms in that region. It is also referred to as biocapacity.

It is used as a parameter in measuring humanity’s impact on the environment

Blue Bonds

Innovative financing mechanisms aimed at supporting projects developed to reduce pollution in oceans, seas, and marine resources; to preserve biological diversity in these ecosystems; and to ensure sustainability.




It is the capacity to withstand challenges, recover quickly, or adapt to changes. It is also referred to as resilience.


Food Acquisition Hierarchy

The Food Recovery Hierarchy, developed by the United States Environmental Protection Agency, is a guiding framework that prioritizes actions for an institution to prevent waste generation and maximize the utilization of generated waste for the greatest benefit.

Food Safety

From production to the table, it is the science-based set of actions and processes that prevent food contamination at any step of the supply chain, whether chemical, biological, or microbiological, so as not to endanger human health.

Food Security

The access of all people on Earth to a sufficient quantity of nutritious and safe food, both physically and economically, in order to sustain a healthy life at all times is defined as food security.

Fossil Fuels

Fossil fuels refer to structures containing a high percentage of hydrocarbons and carbon that are formed by the decomposition of organisms such as animals and plants in oxygen-free environments. The fuels obtained from these structures are called fossil fuels. Among these fuels, which have high energy efficiency, the most commonly known types are coal, oil, and natural gas. Due to their high carbon content, the use of these fuels leads to an increase in carbon dioxide concentration in the atmosphere.


Global Warming

It refers to the increase in surface temperatures on Earth due to the trapping of heat in the atmosphere, primarily caused by elevated levels of greenhouse gases, especially as a result of human activities since the Industrial Revolution.

Green Bond

These are financial mechanisms developed to support investments and projects related to sustainability or climate.

Green Deal

It is a growth strategy of the European Union that prioritizes the transition to a circular economy, aiming to reduce carbon emissions by 55% by 2030 and achieve net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050. In line with this strategy, the European Union aims to become the first carbon-neutral continent by 2050.

Greenhouse Effect

It is a situation that occurs when some of the heat accumulates on the surface of a planet due to greenhouse gases accumulating in its atmosphere.

Greenhouse Gas Protocol

It is a multi-stakeholder framework that provides comprehensive standards to measure, reduce emissions that contribute to global warming and the climate crisis, guide institutions and governments in this regard, and provide the necessary resources.






Net Zero

It refers to the balance between the amount of greenhouse gases released into the atmosphere and the amount removed from the atmosphere


Scope 1 Emissions

It encompasses greenhouse gases directly caused by the operations such as production and logistics of an institution.

Scope 2 Emissions

It encompasses greenhouse gases that indirectly arise due to the production of electricity or energy purchased from outside in order to continue the operations of an institution.

Scope 3 Emissions

Unlike other scopes, it is not related to the resources owned or acquired by the institution. It covers greenhouse gases for which the institution is indirectly responsible due to its relationships with preceding and succeeding institutions and individuals in the value chain it is a part of. Compared to Scopes 1 and 2, Scope 3 consists of activities that are considerably more difficult to measure and track.

Slow Food

It is an approach aimed at preserving local food, food cultures, and traditions, as opposed to the rising concepts of fast and convenience food. This approach not only emphasizes local eating but also focuses on seasonality and taste diversity. It prioritizes the establishment of strong relationships between farmers, consumers, and chefs.

Sustainable Development Goals

They are a set of objectives announced in 2015 with the aim of establishing fair and sustainable systems and achieving environmental, social, and economic development by 2030. These goals were created by expanding the scope of the Millennium Development Goals declared by the United Nations in 2000 after their completion.

Sustainable Financing

It is the development of financing while taking into account the environmental, social, and governance (ESG) criteria of the relevant system. This model aims to create a more responsible financial system and facilitates the transition of systems to a sustainable economy.



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